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Briefs and Lay Summaries

The Active Living Research website has many briefs, lay summaries, infographics, and other resources. Please visit to search by topic and format.
The following research papers have accompanying briefs, lay summaries, or infographics. 


Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C., Bonilla, E., and Spoon, C. (2020). Electronic Devices as correlates of sedentary behavior and screen time among diverse low-income adolescents during the school year and summer time. Journal of Healthy Eating and Active Living, 1(1), 17-30.Open access
Link to theme issue

Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Conway, T.L., Slymen, D.J., Cain, K.L., Chapman, J.E., and Kerr, J. (2009). Neighborhood built environment and income: Examining multiple health outcomes. Social Science and Medicine, 68, 1285-1293. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.01.017 


Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Dillon, L.I., Frank, L.D., Adams, M.A., Cain, K.L., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Environmental and demographic correlates of bicycling. Preventive Medicine, 57, 456-460. Published online June 19, 2013. Open access. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.014.

Thornton, C.M., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Geremia, C.M., Glanz, K., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Disparities in pedestrian streetscape environments by income and race/ethnicity. SSM- Population Health, 2, 206-216. Published online May 2016. Link to research brief: 


Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Pratt, M., Salvo, D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Cain, K.L., Davey, R., Kerr, J., Lai, P-C., Mitas, J., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Owen, N. (2016). Urban environments in 14 cities worldwide are related to physical activity. The Lancet, 387(no. 10034), 2207-2217. Released online April 1, 2016.  Research brief: Blog:Infographic

Engelberg, J.K., Conway, T.L., Geremia, C., Cain, K.L., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Socioeconomic and race/ethnic disparities in observed park quality. BMC Public Health, 16:395. Open access: DOI 10.1186/s12889-016-3055-4. Link to research brief:

Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C., Bonilla, E., and Spoon, C. (2019). Racial/ethnic variations in school-year versus summer differences in adolescent physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 129(12), 105795. DOI:
PARC UCSD Recommendations
Lay Summary: Differences by race, ethnicity, and sex

Senior Change Makers: Advocacy Intervention Materials

Senior Change Makers: Advocacy Program Participant Handouts

Senior Change Makers: Advocacy Program Leader Outline

Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Kerr, J., Adams, M.A., Sugiyama, T., Christiansen, L.B., Schipperijn, J., Davey, R., Salvo, D., Frank, L.D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Owen, N. (2020). Built environment, physical activity and obesity: Findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network (IPEN) Adult Study. Annual Review of Public Health, 41, 119-139. Open access PDF
Link to article and Supplemental Materials: Study Brief, Infographic, Detailed results tables, acknowledgments of IPEN Adult investigators
IPEN ARPH Infographic 


Deadly sprawl. Letter to the editor, Los Angeles Times. May 2, 2020. Commenting on this op-ed.

Adlakha, D., and Sallis, J.F. (2020). Activity-friendly neighbourhoods can benefit non-communicable and infectious diseases. Cities & Health: 1783479. DOI: 10.1080/23748834.2020.1783479 Link to infographic in Supplemental Materials 

Infographic: CitiesXHealth COVID


Pratt, M., Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Lopez, A.P., Zezza, A., Spoon, C., Geremia, C., Gaddis, I., Amankwah, A., Friedman, J., and Kilic, T. (2020). Physical activity and sedentary time in a rural adult population in Malawi compared with an age-matched U.S. urban population. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 6, e000812. DOI:10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000812 

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