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SPARK is a research-based, public health organization dedicated to creating, implementing, and evaluating programs that promote lifelong wellness.

SPARK strives to improve the health of children, adolescents, and adults by disseminating evidence-based Physical Education, After School, Early Childhood, and Coordinated School Health programs to teachers and recreation leaders serving Pre-K through 12th grade students.

The SPARK surveys were used in the original NHLBI-funded study, 1989-1995. The survey covers physical activity and psychosocial mediators.

Main Citations:

Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Alcaraz, J.E., Kolody, B., Faucette, N., and Hovell, M.F. (1997). The effects of a 2-year physical education program (SPARK) on physical activity and fitness in elementary school students. American Journal of Public Health, 87 , 1328-1334.

Sallis, J.F., Alcaraz, J.E., McKenzie, T.L., and Hovell, M.F. (1999). Predictors of change in children’s physical activity over 20 months: Variations by gender and level of adiposity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 16, 222-229.

Description of survey administration and scoring techniques.

Means (SD) and intraclass reliabilities of SPARK items and scales, Spring 1993

Self-report survey of students' physical activity in- and outside of school.

Parent-completed survey of their child and family's physical activity.

Student-completed survey of their feelings about physical activity and preferences for active vs. sedentary behavior.

Self-report survey of students' physical activity in- and outside of school during the past day.

Translation by laboratory of Jeanne Freeland-Graves, PhD, RD., The University of Texas at Austin. Please direct questions to or 512-471-0657.

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