The purpose of SAFE was to evaluate a trans-disciplinary conceptual model of the relation of crime and crime-related perceptions to PA and other CVD-related outcomes across the life span. This required development of reliable measures of crime-related constructs that were applicable across the life span. The formative research phase involved systematic development of a set of measures, using age-specific focus groups, to assess perceptions of and responses to crime for 4 age groups from adolescents to older adults. Construct validity will be assessed by associations of each scale with objectively measured PA (accelerometers) and self-reported activity in specific domains (leisure, transport) and settings (indoors, neighborhood, parks).
Patch, C.M., Roman, C.G., Conway, T.L., Taylor, R.B., Gavand, K.A., Saelens, B.E., Adams, M.A., Cain, K.L., Engelberg, J.K., Mayes, L.R., Roesch, S.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2019). Crime and physical activity: Development of a conceptual framework and measures. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 16, 818-829. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2018-0405 Open access
Roesch, S., Patch, C.M., Roman, C.G., Conway, T.L., Taylor, R.B., Saelens, B.E., Adams, M.A., Cain, K.L., Natarajan, L., and Sallis, J.F. (2021). Crime and physical activity measures from the Safe and Fit Environments Study (SAFE) Psychometric properties across age groups. Preventive Medicine Reports, 22, 101381. Open access, DOI,