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Publications

Project Publications

ASAP: Accelerating School Activity Promotion

The main aim of ASAP, a project developed for The California Endowment (TCE), was to develop a series of publications that could be used by diverse stakeholders in their attempts to promote best practice and policy in school PE. Following review of these materials and discussion with key stakeholders, recommendations were made to TCE for priorities and next steps to advance PE policy in California.

ACT: Activity Counseling Trial

King, A.C., Sallis, J.F., Dunn, A.L., Simons-Morton, D.G., Albright, C.A., Cohen, S., Rejeski, J.W., Marcus, B.H., and Coday, M.C. for the Activity Counseling Trial Research Group. (1998). Overview of the Activity Counseling Trial (ACT) intervention for promoting physical activity in primary health care settings. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 1086-1096.

Rejeski, W.J., Reboussin, B.A., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., & Sallis, J.F. (1999). A modified exercise-induced feeling inventory for chronic training and baseline profiles of participants in the Activity Counseling Trial. Journal of Health Psychology,4 , 97-108.
Albright, C.L., Cohen, S., Gibbons, L., Miller, S., Marcus, B., Sallis, J., Imai, K., Jernick, J., and Simons-Morton, D.G. (2000). Incorporating physical activity advice into primary care: Physician-delivered advice within the Activity Counseling Trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18, 225-234.*
Reboussin, B.A., Rejeski, W.J., Martin, K.A., Callahan, K., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., & Sallis, J.F. for the Activity Counseling Trial Research Group. (2000). Correlates of satisfaction with body function and body appearance in middle and older aged adults: The Activity Counseling Trial (ACT). Psychology and Health, 15 , 239-254.
Rejeski, W.J., Shelton, B., Miller, M., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2001). Mediators of increased physical activity and change in subjective well-being: Results from the Activity Counseling Trial (ACT). Journal of Health Psychology, 6, 159-168.
King, A.C., Marcus, B., Ahn, D., Dunn, A.L., Rejeski, W.J., Sallis, J.F., and Coday, M. (2006). Identifying subgroups that succeed or fail with three levels of physical activity intervention: The Activity Counseling Trial. Health Psychology , 25, 336-347.
Sallis, J.F., King, A.C., Sirard, J.R., and Albright, C.L. (2007). Perceived environmental predictors of physical activity over 6 months in adults: Activity Counseling Trial. Health Psychology, 26, 691-710.
Baruth, M., Wilcox, S., Dunn, A.L., King, A.C., Marcus, B.H., Rejeski, W.J., Sallis, J.F., and Blair, S.N.  (2010). Psychosocial mediators of physical activity and fitness changes in the Activity Counseling Trial.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39, 274-289.

Active Where?

Durant, N., Kerr, J., Harris, S.K, Saelens, B.E., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2009). Environmental and safety barriers to youth physical activity in parks and streets: Reliability and validity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 21, 86-99.
Grow, H.M., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Durant, N.H., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2008).   Where are youth active? Roles of proximity, active transport, and built environment. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 2071-2079.
Durant, N., Harris, S.K., Doyle, S., Person, S., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Relation of school environment and policy to adolescent physical activity.  Journal of School Health, 79, 153-159.
Ding, D., Bracy, N.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Norman, G.J., Harris, S.K., Durant, N., Rosenberg, D., and Kerr, J. (2012).  Is fear of strangers related to physical activity among youth?  American Journal of Health Promotion, 26(3), 189-195.
Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Harris, S.K., Kerr, J., Rosenberg, D., Durant, N., and Glanz, K.  (2012).  Community food environment, home food environment, and fruit and vegetable intake of children and adolescents.  Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44, 634-638.  doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2010.07.003.

ALR: Active Living Research (Active Living Policy and Environmental Studies [ALPES] prior to May 2003)

Sallis, J.F., Kraft, K., and Linton, L.S.  (2002). How the environment shapes physical activity: A transdisciplinary research agenda.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22, 208. (commentary) *

Saelens, B., Sallis, J., and Frank, L. (2003). Transportation, human health, and physical activity. Resource paper for Environmental Research Needs in Transportation, Conference Proceedings 28. Transportation Research Board: Washington, DC, pp.185-194.
Sallis, J.F. (2003). New thinking on older adults’ physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25 (supplement 3ii), 110-111.*
Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Kraft, M.K. (2004). Active transportation and physical activity: Opportunities for collaboration on transportation and public health research. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 38, 249-268.
Sallis, J.F., and Orleans, C.T. (2004). Ecological models: Application to physical activity. In N.B. Anderson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health and Behavior, Vol 1. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Sallis, J.F., Vernez Moudon, A., Linton, L.S., and Powell, K.E. Guest editors, Active Living Research Supplement to American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Volume 28, Number 2, Supplement 2, February 2005.
Sallis, J.F., Linton, L.S., and Kraft, M.K. (2005). The first Active Living Research conference: Growth of a transdisciplinary field. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28 (No. 2, Suppl. 2), 93-95.*
Sallis, J.F., and Linton, L.S. (2005). Leisure research, active lifestyles, and public health. Leisure Sciences, 27, 353-354. (commentary)
Kraft, M.K., Sallis, J.F., Vernez Moudon, A., and Linton, L.S. (2006). The second Active Living Research conference: Signs of maturity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3 (Suppl. 2), S1-S5.
Sallis, J.F., and Glanz, K. (2006). The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhood. The Future of Children, 16(1), 89-108.
King, A.C., Toobert, D., Ahn, D., Resnicow, K., Coday, M., Riebe, D., Garber, C.E., Hurtz, S., Morton, J., and Sallis, J.F. (2006). Perceived environments as physical activity correlates and moderators of interventions in five studies. American Journal of Health Promotion, 21, 24-35.
Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and Fisher, E.B. (2008). Ecological models of health behavior. Pp. 465-486. In K. Glanz, B.K. Rimer, and K. Viswanath (Eds.), Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4th Edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Schilling, J.M., Giles-Corti, B., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Connecting Active Living Research and public policy: Transdisciplinary research and policy interventions to increase physical activity.  Journal of Public Health Policy, 30 (Suppl.1), S1-S15. 
Sallis, J.F., and Glanz, K.  (2009). The physical activity environment and food environments: Toward solutions to the obesity epidemic.  The Milbank Quarterly, 87, 123-154. 
Sallis, J.F., Rosenberg, D., and Kerr, J.  (2009). Early physical activity , sedentary behavior, and dietary patterns.  Pp. 37-57.  In L.J. Heinberg and J.K. Thompson (Eds.), Obesity in Youth: Causes, Consequences, and Cures. Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association. 
Story, M., Sallis, J.F., and Orleans, C.T.  (2009). Adolescent obesity: Towards evidence-based policy and environmental solutions.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, S1-S5.  (editorial)*
Lee, S.M., Sallis, J.F., and Biddle, S.J.H.  (2010). Active communities for youth and families: Using research to create momentum for change.  Preventive Medicine, 50(supplement), S3-S5.
Carnoske, C., Hoehner, C., Ruthmann, N., Frank, L., Handy, S., Hill, J., Ryan, S., Sallis, J., Glanz, K., and Brownson, R.  (2010). Developer and realtor perspectives on the factors that influence development, sales, and perceived demand for activity-friendly communities.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(Suppl 1), S48-S59.
Fullilove, M., Lee, C., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Engaging communities to create active living environments.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8 (suppl 1), S1-S4.
Millstein, R.A., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Youth advocacy for obesity prevention: The next wave of social change for health.  Translational Behavioral Medicine: Practice, Policy, Research, 1(3), 497-505.  Published online July 2011; DOI: 10.1007/s13142-011-0060-0.
Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Lee, S., and Rosenberg, D.E.  (2011). Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth: A review.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41, 442-455.*
Zhu, X., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Designing for healthy communities: Active living and comprehensive community development. Journal of the Institute for Comprehensive Community Development, 2(2), 9-20. *
Zhu, X., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). State of practice in designing for healthy communities. Journal of the Institute for Comprehensive Community Development, 2(2), 21-24.
Sallis, J.F., Millstein, R.A., and Carlson, J.A.  (2011). Community design for physical activity.  pp. 33-49.  In A.L. Dannenberg, H. Frumkin, & R.J. Jackson, eds.  Making Healthy Places: Designing and Building for Health, Well-Being, and Sustainability.  Washington, DC: Island.
Sallis, J.F., Adams, M.A., and Ding, D.  (2011). Physical activity and the built environment.  pp. 433-451.  In J. Cawley, ed.  The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity.  New York: Oxford.
Sallis, J.F., Floyd, M.F., Rodriguez, D.A., and Saelens, B.E.  (2012).  The role of built environments in physical activity, obesity, and CVD.  Circulation, 125, 729-737.
Mendoza, J.A., Salmon, J., and Sallis, J.F. (2012). Partnerships for progress in active living: From research to action. Health & Place, 18(1), 1-4.
Sallis, J.F., Carlson, J.A, and Mignano, A.M. (2012).  Promoting youth physical activity through physical education and after-school programs. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 23(3),493-510. (Invited review)
Sallis, J.F., Cutter, C.L., Lou, D., Spoon, C., Wilson, A.L., Ding, D., Ponkshe, P., Cervero, R. Patrick, K., Schmid, T.L., Mignano, A., and Orleans, C.T. (2014).  Active Living Research: Creating and using evidence to support childhood obesity prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46(2), 195-207. Accompanied by evaluation of ALR-2 that is available through open access*
Whitt-Glover, M.C., Bennett, G., and Sallis, J.F.  (2013).  Introduction to the Active Living Research supplement: Disparities in environments and policies that support active living. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45(1, suppl 1), 1-5.
Sallis, J.F. Commentary in "Notes from the field: Planting, nurturing, and watching things grow."  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 45, 696-697. (One of several invited commentaries on the end of Kevin Patrick's editorship of AJPM)

Engelberg, J.K., Carlson, J.A., Black, M.L., Ryan, S., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Ciclovia participation in San Diego, CA: The first CicloSDias. Preventive Medicine, 69 (suppl.), S66-S73.

Jakicic, J.M., Sox, H., Blair, S.N., Bensink, M., Johnson, W.G., King, A.C., Lee, I.-M., Nahum-Shani, I., Sallis, J.F., Sallis, R.E., Craft, L., Whitehead, J.R., and Ainsworth, A.E.  (2015). Comparative effectiveness research: A roadmap for physical activity and healthy lifestyles. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(8), 1747-1754. [Epub ahead of print: November 25, 2014]. PMID: 25426735.

My presentation on building physical and social environments for physical activity in high-risk communities was summarized in: Breiner, H., Parker, L., & Olson, S. (rapporteurs) (2014). Creating equal opportunities for a healthy weight: Workshop summary. National Academies Press: Washington, DC, pages 15-16.

Pollack, K.M., Gonzalez, E.R., Hager, E.R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). The Active Living Research 2014 Conference: "Niche to norm". Preventive Medicine, 69 (suppl.), S1-S4. (Guest Editor commentary).

Sallis, J.F. (2015). Advancing systems thinking through the Healthy Kids Healthy Communities evaluation. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 21(3, suppl), S88-S89. (invited commentary).

My presentation on "Blueprint for active living communities: Innovative solutions" was summarized in the Institute of Medicine Workshop Summary. (2015). Physical Activity: Moving Toward Obesity Solutions. National Academies Press: Washington, DC, pages 94-98.

Rodriguez, D.A., Lounsbery, M.A.F., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). The Active Living Research 2015 conference: The science of policy implementation. Environment and Behavior, 48(1), 4-12. (Guest Editor commentary).*

Ward, D.S., Welker, E., Choate, A., Henderson, K.E., Lott, M., Tovar, A., Wilson, A., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Strength of obesity prevention interventions in early care and education settings: A systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 95, S37-S52.

Sallis, J. F. (2017). Changing physical activity environments. In K.D. Brownell and B.T. Walsh, eds. Eating disorders and obesity: A comprehensive handbook, 3rd edition. pp. 645-649. New York: Guilford.

Carlson, J.A., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Environment and policy interventions. In W. Zhu and N. Owen (Eds.), Sedentary Behavior and Health: Concepts, Assessments, and Interventions. pp. 285-295, 409-410. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Carlson, J., Dean, K., and Sallis, J. (2017). Measures registry user guide: Physical activity environment. National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research: Washington, DC.*

Sallis, J.F., and Floyd, M.F. (2019). The development of a new interdisciplinary field: Active Living Research - A Foundation-supported interdisciplinary research funding program. In K.L. Hall, A.L. Vogel, & R.T. Croyle, Eds. Strategies for Team Science Success: Handbook of Evidence-Based Principles for Cross- Disciplinary Science and Practical Lessons Learned from Health Researchers. Pp. 523-540. New York: Springer.

Amherst Youth Physical Activity Study

Durant, N., Kerr, J., Harris, S.K, Saelens, B.E., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2009). Environmental and safety barriers to youth physical activity in parks and streets: Reliability and validity. Pediatric Exercise Science, 21, 86-99.
Grow, H.M., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Durant, N.H., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2008).   Where are youth active? Roles of proximity, active transport, and built environment. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 2071-2079.
Durant, N., Harris, S.K., Doyle, S., Person, S., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Relation of school environment and policy to adolescent physical activity.  Journal of School Health, 79, 153-159.
Ding, D., Bracy, N.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Norman, G.J., Harris, S.K., Durant, N., Rosenberg, D., and Kerr, J. (2012).  Is fear of strangers related to physical activity among youth?  American Journal of Health Promotion, 26(3), 189-195.
Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Harris, S.K., Kerr, J., Rosenberg, D., Durant, N., and Glanz, K.  (2012).  Community food environment, home food environment, and fruit and vegetable intake of children and adolescents.  Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44, 634-638.  doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2010.07.003.

GRAD: Graduate Ready for Activity Daily

Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Lovato, C.Y., and Campbell, J. (1994). Physical activity and its determinants before and after college graduation. Medicine, Exercise, Nutrition, and Health, 3, 323-334. 
Sallis, J.F., Johnson, M.F., Calfas, K.J., Caparosa, S., and Nichols, J. (1997). Assessing perceived physical environment variables that may influence physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 345-351. 
Sarkin, J.A., Marshall, S.J., Larson, K.A., Calfas, K.J., and Sallis, J.F. (1998). A comparison of methods of recruitment to a health promotion program for university seniors. Preventive Medicine, 27 , 562-571.*
Johnson, M.F., Nichols, J.F., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Hovell, M.F. (1998). Interrelationships between physical activity and other health behaviors among university women and men. Preventive Medicine, 27, 536-544. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Nichols, J.F., Sarkin, J.A., Johnson, M.F., Caparosa, S., Thompson, S., and Alcaraz, J.E. (1999). Evaluation of a university course to promote physical activity: Project GRAD. Research Quarterly for Exercise for Sport, 70, 1-10. 
    
Williams, C.D., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Burke, R.S. (1999). Psychosocial correlates of television viewing. American Journal of Health Promotion, 13, 207-214. 
    
Nichols, J.F., Morgan, C.G., Sarkin, J.A., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (1999). Validity, reliability, and calibration of the Tritrac accelerometer as a measure of physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, 908-912. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Alcaraz, J.E., Gehrman, C., and Johnson, M.F. (1999). Potential mediators of change in a physical activity promotion course for university students: Project GRAD. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 149-158. 
    
Sarkin, J.A., Nichols, J.F., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (2000). Self-report measures and scoring protocols affect prevalence estimates of meeting physical activity guidelines. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32, 149-156. 
    
Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Nichols, J.F., Sarkin, J.A., Johnson, M.F., Caparosa, S., Thompson, S., Gehrman, C.A., and Alcaraz, J.E. (2000). Project GRAD: Two-year outcomes of a randomized controlled physical activity intervention among young adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18, 28-37. 
    
Nichols, J.F., Morgan, C.G., Chabot, L.E., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (2000). Assessment of physical activity with the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer: Laboratory versus field validation. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 36-43. 
    
Nichols, J.F., Wellman, E., Caparosa, S., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Rowe, R. (2000). Impact of a worksite behavioral skills intervention. American Journal of Health Promotion, 14, 218-221.
 

Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., Sarkin, J.A., and Calfas, K.J. (2000). Examination of the factor structure of physical activity behaviors. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 53, 866-874.* 

    

Saelens, B.E., Gehrman, C.A., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Sarkin, J.A., and Caparosa, S. (2000). Use of self-management strategies in a 2-year cognitive-behavioral intervention to promote physical activity. Behavior Therapy, 31, 365-379. 

    

Zabinski, M.F., Calfas, K.J., Gehrman, C.A., Wilfley, D.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2001). Effects of a physical activity intervention on body image in university seniors: Project GRAD.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 23, 247-252.  

    

Hayden-Wade, H.A., Coleman, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Armstrong, C. (2003). Validation of the telephone and in-person interview versions of the 7-day PAR. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 801-809. 

    

Leslie, E., Johnson-Kozlow, M., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and Bauman, A. (2003). Reliability of moderate-intensity and vigorous physical activity stage of change measures for young adults. Preventive Medicine, 37, 177-181.*

    

Johnson-Kozlow, M.F., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K.J. (2004). Does life stress moderate the effects of a physical activity intervention? Psychology and Health, 19, 479-489.

IPAQ: International Physical Activity Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Prevalence Study

Craig, C.L., Marshall, A.L., Sjostrom, M., Bauman, A.E., Booth, M.L., Ainsworth, B.E., Pratt, M., Ekelund, U., Yngve, A., Sallis, J.F., and Oja, P. (2003). International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35, 1381-1895. 
    
Vandelanotte, C., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Philippaerts, R., Sjostrom, M., and Sallis, J. (2005). Reliability and validity of a computerized and Dutch version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2, 63-75. 
    
Johnson-Kozlow, M., Sallis, J.F., Gilpin, E.A., Rock, C.L., and Pierce, J.P. (2006). Comparative validation of the IPAQ and the 7-day PAR among women diagnosed with breast cancer. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.  
    
Rosenberg, D.E, Bull, F.C., Marshall, A.L., Sallis, J.F., and Bauman, A.E. (2008). Assessment of sedentary behavior with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 5(Suppl. 1), S30-S44. 
    
Bergman, P., Grjibovski, A.M., Hagstromer, M., Sallis, J.F., and Sjöström, M.  (2009). The association between health enhancing physical activity and neighbourhood environment among Swedish adults: A population-based cross-sectional study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6, 8.  doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-8.  
    
Bauman, A., Bull, F.C., Craig, C.L., Ainsworth, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R. Hagstromer, M., Sjostrom, M., Pratt, M., and the IPS Group.  (2009). The International Prevalence Study on Physical Activity: Results from 20 countries.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6:21. Posted March 31, 2009.  
    
Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F.C., Craig, C.L., Sjöström, M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Lefevre, J., Matsudo, V., Matsudo, S., Macfarlane, D.J., Gomez, L.F., Inoue, S., Murase, N., Volbekiene, V., McLean, G., Carr, H., Heggebo, L.K., Tomten, H., and Bergman, P.  (2009). Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 484-490.  
    
Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F., Craig, C.L., Hagstromer, M., Sallis, J.F., Pratt, M., and Sjostrom, M.  (2009). Progress and pitfalls in the use of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ] for adult physical activity surveillance.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 5 (suppl. 1), S5-S8.  (invited commentary) 
    
Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Durant, N., and Ainsworth, B.E.  (2010). Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical activity neighborhood environment scale (PANES).  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 533-540. 
    
Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Hagstromer, M., Craig, C.L., Bull, F.C., Pratt, M., Venugopal, K., Chau, J., Sjostrom, M., and the IPS Group.  (2011). The descriptive epidemiology of sitting: A 20 country comparison using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41, 228-237.  
    
Ding, D., Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Hovell, M.F., Chambers, C.D., Hofstetter, C.R., Bowles, H.R., Hagstromer, M., Craig, C.L., Gomez, L.F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Macfarlane, D.J., Ainsworth, B.E., Bergman, P., Bull, F.C., Carr, H., Klasson-Heggebo, L., Inoue, S., Murase, N., Matsudo, S., Matsudo, V., McLean, G., Sjostrom, M., Tomten, H., Lefevre, J., Volbekiene, V., and Bauman, A.E. (2013). Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:57. Posted online May 14, 2013. PMCID: PMC3663693.  
    
Adams, M.A., Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R., Ainsworth, B.E., Bergman, P., Bull, F.C., Carr, H., Craig, C.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Gomez, L.F., Inoue, S., Heggebo, L.K., Lefevre, J., Macfarlane, D.J., Matsudo, S., Matsudo, V., Murase, N., Sjöström, M., Tomten, H., Volbekiene, V., and Bauman, A.  (2013). Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: A latent class analysis.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:34. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-34 PMCID:  PMC3615945.  
    
Cleland, C.L., Hunter, R.F., Kee, F., Cupples, M.E., Sallis, J.F., and Tully, M.A. (2014). Validity of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in assessing levels and change in moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour in Northern Ireland. BMC Public Health, 14:1255 (released online December 10, 2014).  
  
Perez, L.G., Conway, T.L., Bauman, A., Kerr, J., Elder, J.P., Arredondo, E.M., and Sallis, J.F. (2018). Socio-demographic moderators of environment-physical activity associations: Results from the International Prevalence Study. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 15(1), 22-29. Posted online August 10, 2017. 

IPEN: International Physical Activity and Environment Network.
Adolescent Studies

De Meester, F., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Sallis, J.F., and Cardon, G. (2012).  Active living neighborhoods: Is neighborhood walkability a key element for Belgian adolescents?  BMC Public Health, 12:7.  

Oyeyemi, A.L., Kasoma, S.S., Onywera, V.O., Assah, F., Assah, F., Adedoyin, R.A., Conway, T.L., Moss, S.J., Ocansey, R., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Akinroye, K.K., Prista, A., Larouche, R., Gavand, K.A., Cain, K.L., Lambert, E.V., Aryeetey, R., Bartels, C., Tremblay, M.S., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). NEWS for Africa: Adaptation and reliability of a built environment questionnaire for physical activity in seven African countries. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity,13:33. DOI: 10.1186/s12966-016-0357-y.   

Van Wollenghem, G., Ghekiere, A., Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., D’Haese, S., Geremia, C.M., Lenoir, M., Sallis, J.F., Verhoeven, H., and Van Dyck, D. (2016). Using an audit tool (MAPS Global) to assess the characteristics of the physical environment related to walking for transport in youth: Reliability of Belgian data. International Journal of Health Geographics, 15: 41.DOI: 10.1186/s12942-016-0069-1.

Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Adedoyin, R.A., Akinroye, K.K., Aryeetey, R., Assah, F., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Kasoma, S.S., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Lambert, E.V., Larouche, R., Moss, S.J., Ocansey, R., Onywera, V.O., Prista, A., Tremblay, M.S., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Construct validity of the neighborhood environment walkability scale for Africa. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(3), 482-491.  DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001131     

Kline, L., Jones-Smith, J., Miranda, J.J., Pratt, M., Reis, R.S., Rivera, J., Sallis, J.F., and Popkin, B.M. (2017). A research agenda to guide progress on childhood obesity prevention in Latin America. Obesity Reviews, 18 (Suppl 2), 19-27. DOI: 10.1111/obr.12572     

Molina-Garcia, J., Queralt, A., Adams, M.A., Conway, T.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Neighborhood built environment and socio-economic status in relation to multiple health outcomes in adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 105, 88-94.      
Cain, K.L., Geremia, C.M., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Chapman, J.E., Fox, E.H., Timperio, A., Veitch, J., Van Dyck, D., Verhoeven, H., Reis, R., Augusto, A., Cerin, E., Mellecker, R.R., Queralt, A.,
Molina-Garcia, J., and Sallis, J.F. (2018). Development and reliability of a streetscape observation instrument for international use: MAPS-Global. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15:19. DOI 10.1186/s12966-018-0650-z.      


Cerin, E., Sit, C.H., Barnett, A., Huang, W.Y., Gao, G.Y., Wong, S.H., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Reliability of self-report measures of correlates of obesity-related behaviours in Hong Kong adolescents for the iHealt (H) and IPEN adolescent studies. Archives of Public Health, 75(1), 38.     

Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Barnett, A., Smith, M., Veitch, J., Cain, K.L., Salonna, F., Reis, R.S., Molina-Garcia, J., Hinckson, E., Manan Wan Muda, W.A., Anjana, R.M., van Dyck, D., Oyeyemi, A.L., Timperio, A., Christiansen, L.B., Mitáš, J., Moran, M., Islam, M.Z., Mellecker, R.R., and Sallis, J.F. (2019). Development and validation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth across six continents. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 16: 122.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0890-6     

Cain, K.L., Salmon, J., Conway, T.L., Cerin, E., Hinckson, E., Mitáš, J., Schipperijn, J., Frank, L.D., Ajana, R.M., Barnett, A., Dygrýn, J., Islam, M.Z., Molina-Garcia, J., Moran, M., Wanan Wan Muda, W.A., Oyeyemi, A.L., Reis, R., Santos, M.P., Schmidt, T., Schofield, G., Timperio, A., van Dyck, D., and Sallis, J.F. (2021). The International Physical Activity and Built Environment Study of Adolescents: IPEN Adolescent design, protocol, and measures. BMJ Open, 11, e046636. Open access to article only Link to article + Supplemental Tables* (bmj.com), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046636    

Queralt, A., Molina-Garcia, J., Terrón-Pérez, M., Cerin, E., Barnett, A., Timperio, A., Veitch, J., Reis, R., Paula Silva, A.A., Ghekiere, A., Van Dyck, D., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C.M., and Sallis, J.F. (2021). Reliability of streetscape audits comparing on-street and online observations: MAPS-Global in 5 countries. International Journal of Health Geographics, 20:6.Open access     

Fox, E.H., Chapman, J.E., Moland, A., Alfonsin, N.E., Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C., Cerin, E., Vanwolleghem, G., Van Dyck, D., Queralt, A., Molina-García, J., Hino, A.A.F., Lopes, A.A.S., Salmon, J., Timperio, A. and Kershaw, S.E. (2021). International evaluation of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) Global instrument: comparative assessment between local and remote online observers. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 18: 84.Open access and DOIDirect link to pdf

IPEN: International Physical Activity and Environment Network.
Adult Studies

Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., Deforche B., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and De Bourdeadhuij, I. (2010). Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adults. Preventive Medicine, 50, S74-S79.*  
    
Inoue, S., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Ishii, K., Kitabayashi, M., Suijo, K., Sallis, J.F., and Shimomitsu, T. (2010). Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in Japan. Journal of Epidemiology, 20, 277-286.  
    
Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Owen, N., Sallis, J. F., and De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2010). Neighborhood walkability and sedentary time in Belgian adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 39, 25-32. 
    
Molina-Garcia, J., Castillo, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2010). Psychosocial and environmental correlates of active commuting for university students. Preventive Medicine 51, 136-138.  
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and DeBourdeaudhuij, I. (2010). Physical activity as a mediator of the associations between neighborhood walkability and adiposity in Belgian adults. Health and Place, 16, 952-960. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Spence, J.C., Gidlow, C., and Inoue, S. (2010). Latest findings on built environments and physical activity in diverse countries: IPEN. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7 (suppl. 3), S362-S364. (Report of symposium at The Third International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health. Toronto, Canada. May 5-8, 2010) 
    
Inoue, S., Murase, N., Shimomitsu, T., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Ishii, K., Katsumura, T., and Sallis, J.F.  (2009). Association of physical activity and neighborhood environment among Japanese adults.  Preventive Medicine, 48 (4), 321-325.  
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Adegoke, B.O.A., Oyeyemi, A.Y., and Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity and walking in African young adults.  American Journal of Health Promotion, 25(5), e10-e19.  Online only.  DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.090918-QUAN-304 
    
Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Hovell, M.F., Du, J., Zheng, M., He, H., and Owen, N.  (2011). Physical activity and sedentary behaviors among rural adults in Suixi, China: A cross-sectional study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 37. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., Deforche, B., Giles-Corti, B., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., and De Bourdeaudhuij, I.  (2011). Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults.  International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18, 2350. 
    
Sallis, J.F.  (2011). Environmental and policy research on physical activity is going global.  Research on Exercise Epidemiology, 13(2), 111-117. *  
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Adegoke, B.O., Oyeyemi, A.Y., Deforche, B., De Bourdeadhuij, I., and Sallis, J.F.  (2012).  Environmental factors associated with overweight among adults in Nigeria. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 32.*  
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2012).  Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 1375-1384. 
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Adegoke, B.O., Sallis, J.F., Oyeyemi, A.Y., and De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2012). Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria. BMC Public Health, 12, 294.   Published online April 21, 2012.*
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2012).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 70. Posted online June 12, 2012.   * 
    
Cerin, E.,  Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Kerr, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Reis, R.S., Sarmiento, O.L., Hinckson, E.A., Salvo, D., Christiansen, L.B., MacFarlane, D.J., Davey, R., Mitas, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2013). Sharing good NEWS across the world: Developing comparable scores across 12 countries for the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS). BMC Public Health, 13:309. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-309. PMCID:  PMC3642009. 
    
Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Husak, L.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2013). Comparison of older and newer generations of ActiGraph accelerometers with the normal filter and low frequency extension. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:51. (Posted online April 25, 2013). DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-51.  PMCID: PMC3641979.  
    
Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Owen, N., DeBourdeaudhuij, I., Cerin, E., Frank, L., Reis, R., Fromel, K., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., MacFarlane, D., Salvo, D., Schofield, G., Badland, H., Guileen-Grima, F., Davey, R., Bauman, A., Saelens, B., Riddoch, C., Ainsworth, B., Pratt, M., Schimd, T., Adams, M., Conway, T., Cain, K., Van Dyke, D., and Bracy, N.  (2013).  Advancing science and policy through a coordinated international study of physical activity and built environments: IPEN methods.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 581-601. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Sallis, J.F., Cardon, G., DeForche, B., Adams, M.A., Geremia, C., and De Bourdeaudhui, I. (2013). Associations of neighborhood characteristics with active park use: An observational study in the USA and Belgium. International Journal of Health Geographics, 12:26. PMCID:  PMC3651346.  *
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Sallis, J.F., Deforche, B., Oyeyemi, A.Y., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Van Dyck, D. (2013).  Evaluation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scales in Nigeria.  International Journal of Health Geographics, 12:16.  http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/content/12/1/16 PMCID:  PMC3606828. 
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Deforche, B., Sallis, J.F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Van Dyck, D. (2013). Behavioral mediators of the association between neighborhood environment and weight status in Nigerian adults. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28 (1), 23-31. 
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Sallis, J.F., Oyeyemi, A.Y., DeBourdeadhuij, I., Amin, M.M., and Deforche, B. (2013).  Adaptation, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale in Nigeria (PANES-N). Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 1079-1090. Posted online December 7, 2012. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2013).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' leisure-time physical activity: Findings from Belgium, Australia, and the USA.  Health and Place, 19, 59-68. 
    
Sugiyama, T., Cerin, E., Owen, N., Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., Schipperijn, J., Macfarlane, D.J., Salvo, D., Reis, R.S., Mitáš, J., Sarmiento, O.L., Davey, R., Schofield, G., Orzanco-Garralda, R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Perceived neighborhood environment attributes associated with adults' recreational walking: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. Health and Place, 28, 22-30. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014).  Interacting psychosocial and environmental correlates of leisure-time physical activity: A three-country study. Health Psychology, 33(7), 699-709. Online First Publication, November 18, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033516. 
    
Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Chapman, J., Christiansen, L.B., Coffee, N., Salvo, D., du Toit, L., Jan Dygrýn, J., Hino, A.A.F., Lai, P-C., Mavoa, S., Pinzón, J.D., Van de Weghe, N., Cerin, E., Davey, R., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using Geographic Information Systems: The IPEN Adult Study. International Journal of Health Geographics, 13:43. doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-13-43.  * 
    
Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Van Dyck, D., Hinckson, E., Schipperijn, J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Davey, R.C., Hino, A.A.F., Mitáš, J., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Salvo, D., Sarmiento, O.L., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Schofield, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Neighborhood environments and objectively measured physical activity in 11 countries. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(12), 2253-2264. Published online April 28, 2014. PubMed PMID:  24781892. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Hinckson, E., Reis, R.S., Davey, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., Macfarlane, D., Salvo, D., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Owen, N., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). International study of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time with body mass index and obesity: IPEN Adult study. International Journal of Obesity, 39, 199-207. 
    
Giles-Corti, B., Sallis, J.F., Sugiyama, T., Frank, L.D., Lowe, M., and Owen, N. (2015). Translating active living research into policy and practice: One important pathway to chronic disease prevention. Journal of Public Health Policy, 36(2), 231-243. Open access. *
    
De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Dyck, D., Salvo, D., Davey, R., Reis, R.S., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Mitas, J., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Sugiyama, T., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Owen, N., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Cerin, E. (2015). International study of perceived neighbourhood environmental attributes and Body Mass Index: IPEN Adult study in 12 countries. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12: 62.  
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Salvo, D., Christiansen, L.B., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., Mitas, J., Troelsen, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Davey, R., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Conway, T.L.,  and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Moderating effects of age, gender and education on the associations of perceived neighborhood environment attributes with accelerometer-based physical activity: The IPEN Adult study. Health and Place, 36, 65-73.   
    
  
Kerr, J., Emond, J.A., Badland, H., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O., Carlson, J., Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Cain, K., Conway, T., Schofield, G., Macfarlane, D.J., Christiansen, L.B., Van Dyck, D., Davey, R., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Salvo, D., Sugiyama, T., Owen, N., Mitas, J., and Natarajan, L. (2016). Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 124(3), 290-298. Posted online July 17, 2015. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1409466. 
   
Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Pratt, M., Salvo, D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Cain, K.L., Davey, R., Kerr, J., Lai, P-C., Mitas, J., Reis, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Schofield, G., Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Owen, N. (2016). Urban environments in 14 cities worldwide are related to physical activity. The Lancet, 387(no. 10034), 2207-2217. Released online April 1, 2016.  Open access  Research brief  Blog Infographic 

Comment by Goenka and Andersen: Goenka, S., and Andersen, L.B. (2016). Our health is a function of where we live. The Lancet, 387(no. 10034), 2168-2170.   Open access
twitter hashtag: #GlobalActiveCities
Featured in this news article in JAMA. Abbasi, J. As walking movement grows, neighborhood walkability gains attention. JAMA, Medical News and Perspective. Published online June 29, 2016. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.7755.  

Summarized in this article from a European Union newsletter.   
   
Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Oyeyemi, A., Owen, N., Conway, T.L., Cochrane, T., van Dyck, D., Schipperijn, J., Mitaš, J., Toftager, M., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Correlates of agreement between accelerometry and self-reported physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(6), 1075-1084.
 
    
  
Sallis, J.F., Bull, F.C., Guthold, R., Heath, G.W., Inoue, S., Oyeyemi, A.L., Perez, L.G., Richards, J., & Hallal, P., for the Lancet Physical Activity Series 2 Executive Committee. (2016). Progress in physical activity over the Olympic quadrennium. The Lancet (July), 31-42. In Series on Physical Activity 216: Progress and Challenges. Published online July 27, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/50140-6736(16)30581-5
Link to a pdf of the Open Access paper
Link to the Second Lancet Physical Activity Series

Link to the Series Launch Video: Physical Activity 2016 Series launch video*
    
Giles-Corti, B., Vernez-Moudon, A., Reis, R., Turrell, G., Dannenberg, A.L., Badland, H. Foster, S., Lowe, M., Sallis, J.F., Stevenson, M., and Owen, N. (2016). City planning and population health: A global challenge. The Lancet, September, 7-19. Paper 1 in The Lancet Series on Urban Design, Transport and Health. Released September 23, 2016.  
    
  
Sallis, J.F., Bull, F., Burdett, R., Frank, L.D., Griffiths, P., Giles-Corti, B., and Stevenson, M. (2016). Using science to guide city planning, policy and practice: Achieving health and sustainable future cities. The Lancet, September, 31-41. Paper 3 in The Lancet Series on Urban Design, Transport and Health. Released September 23, 2016.
Open access:
Website for the Lancet Series on Urban Design, Transport and Health:
Twitter: #Healthycities and #Lancetcities
Recording of the launch event in New York City, at the Japan Society: September 23, 2016. 

My blog about the launch events.*  
    
Christiansen, L.B., Cerin, E., Badland, H., Kerr, J., Davey, R.,  Troelsen, J., Van Dyck, D., Mitáš, J., Schofield, G., Sugiyama, T., Salvo, D., Sarmiento, O., Reis, R., Adams, M., Frank, L., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). International comparisons of the associations between objective measures of the built environment and transport-related walking and cycling: IPEN adult study. Journal of Transport and Health, 3, 467-478. Posted online March 21, 2016.   
    
  
Sallis, J.F. (2016). New evidence for the role of transportation in health. The Lancet Public Health. Invited commentary. Open access Published Online October 28, 2016:  Invited commentary on the following article:            
 
    
Frank, L.D., Fox, E.H., Ulmer, J.M., Chapman, J.E., Kershaw, S.E., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Adams, M.A., Smith, G.R., Hinckson, E., Mavoa, S., Christiansen, L.B., Hino, A.A., Lopes, A., and Schipperijn, J. (2017). International comparison of observation-specific spatial buffers: Maximizing the ability to estimate physical activity. International Journal of Health Geographics, 16(4). DOI: 10.1186/s12942-017-0077-9. 
    
Oyeyemi, A.L., Conway, T.L., Adedoyin, R.A., Akinroye, K.K., Aryeetey, R., Assah, F., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Kasoma, S.S., Kolbe-Alexander, T.L., Lambert, E.V., Larouche, R., Moss, S.J., Ocansey, R., Onywera, V.O., Prista, A., Tremblay, M.S., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). Construct validity of the neighborhood environment walkability scale for Africa. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49(3), 482-491.  DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001131 
    
Cerin, E., Mitáš, J., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Adams, M., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Reis, R.S., Schipperijn, J., Davey, R., Salvo, D., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Macfarlane, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Sallis, J.F., and Van Dyck, D. (2017). Do associations of objectively-assessed physical activity with neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week? IPEN Adult Study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14:34. DOI 10.1186/s12966-017-0493-z  
   
  
Schipperijn, J., Cerin, E., Adams, M.A., Reis, R., Smith, G., Cain, K., Christiansen, L.B., van Dyck, D., Gidlow, C., Frank, L.D., Mitáš, J., Pratt, M., Salvo, D., Schofield, G., and Sallis J. F. (2017). Access to parks and physical activity: an eight country comparison. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 27, 253-263. Posted online September 5, 2017

Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Adams, M.A., Barnett, A., Cain, K.L., Owen, N., Christiansen, L.B., Van Dyck, D., Mitas, J., Sarmiento, O.L., Davey, R.C., Reis, R., Salvo, D., Schofield, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2018). Objectively-assessed neighborhood destination accessibility and physical activity in adults from 10 countries: An analysis of moderators and perceptions as mediators. Social Science and Medicine, 211(8), 282-293.

Owen, N., Sugiyama, T., Koohsari, M.J., DeBourdeaudhuij, I., Hadgraft, N., Oyeyemi, A., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Mitáš, J., Troelsen, J., Davey, R., Schofield, G., Cain, K., Sarmiento, O., Reis, R., Salvo, D., Macfarlane, D., Sallis, J.F., and Cerin, E. (2018). Associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults’ objectively- assessed sedentary time: IPEN Adult multi-country study. Preventive Medicine 115, 126-133.

Mitáš, J., Cerin, E., Reis, R.S., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Adams, M.A., Schofield, G., Sarmiento, O.L., Christiansen, L.B., Davey, R., Salvo, D., Orzanco-Garralda, R., Macfarlane, D., Hino, A.F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Van Dyck, D., and Sallis, J.F. (2019). Do associations of sex, age, and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 16: 121.

Gidlow, C., Cerin, E., Sugiyama, T., Adams, M.A., Mitáš, J., Akram, M., Reis, R.S., Davey, R., Troelsen, J., Schofield, G. and Sallis, J.F. (2019). Objectively measured access to recreational destinations and leisure-time physical activity: Associations and demographic moderators in a six-country study. Health & Place, 59, 102196. 

Cochrane, T., Yu, Y., Davey, R., Cerin, E., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Kerr, J., Frank, L.D., Chapman, J.E., Adams, M.A., Macfarlane, D., Van Dyck, D., Lai, P-C.,Sarmiento, O., Troelsen, J., Salvo, D., Reis, R., Mitáš, J., Schofield, G., Owen, N., and Sallis, J.F. (2019). Associations of built environment and proximity of food outlets with body weight: Analysis from 14 cities in 10 countries. Preventive Medicine, 129(12), 105874.

Sallis, J.F., Cerin, E., Kerr, J., Adams, M.A., Sugiyama, T., Christiansen, L.B., Schipperijn, J., Davey, R., Salvo, D., Frank, L.D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., and Owen, N. (2020). Built environment, physical activity and obesity: Findings from the International Physical Activity and Environment Network (IPEN) Adult Study. Annual Review of Public Health, 41, 119-139. Open access PDF Article and Supplemental MaterialsStudy BriefInfographic

Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Akram, M., Conway, T., Macfarlane, D., Davey, R., Sarmiento, O., Christiansen, L.B., Reis, R., Mitas, J., Aguinaga-Ontoso, I., Salvo, D., and Sallis, J. (2020). Do physical activity and sedentary time mediate the association of the perceived environment with BMI? The IPEN Adult study. Health & Place, 64: 102366.

MSPAN: Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition

Jones, L.R., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Marshall, S.J., and Pelletier, R.L. (1999). Ethnic and gender differences in request for and use of low/non-fat foods in bag lunches. Journal of School Health, 69, 332-336. 
    
McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.J., Sallis, J.F., and Conway, T.L. (2000). Leisure-time physical activity in school environments: An observational study using SOPLAY. Preventive Medicine, 30, 70-77. *
    
Wildey, M.B., Pampalone, S.Z., Pelletier, R.L., Zive, M.M., Elder, J.P., and Sallis, J.F. (2000). Fat and sugar levels are high in snacks purchased from student stores in middle schools. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 100, 319-322. *
    
McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.J., Sallis, J.F., and Conway, T.L. (2000). Student activity levels, lesson context, and teacher behavior during middle school physical education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 249-259. Abstracted in "Physical Activity Today." A newsletter of the AAHPERD Research Consortium. Summer 2001. 
    
Hoefer, W.R., McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Marshall, S.J., Conway, T.L.  (2001). Parental provision of transportation for adolescent physical activity.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21(1), 48-51.  *
    
Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Prochaska, J.J., McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S.P., and Brown, M. (2001). The association of school environments with youth physical activity. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 618-620. 
    
Powers, H., Conway, T.L., McKenzie, T.L., Marshall, S., & Sallis, J.F. (accepted).  Participation in extracurricular physical activity programs in middle schools.  Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 
    
Strelow, J.S., Larsen, J.S., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Powers, H.S., McKenzie, T.L.  (2001). Factors Predicting Performance of Volunteer Providers of Physical  Activity in Middle Schools.  Journal of School Health.  
    
Zive, M.M., Pelletier, R.L., Sallis, J.F., and Elder, J.P.  (2002). An environmental intervention to improve a la carte foods at middle schools.  Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 102, S76-S78. 
    
Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Pelletier, R.L., Powers, H.S., Marshall, S.J., Zive, M.M., and Elder, J.P. (2002). What do middle school children bring in their bag lunches? Preventive Medicine, 34, 422-427. 
    
Powers, H.S., Conway, T.L., McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., and Marshall, S.J. (2002). Participation in extracurricular physical activity programs at middle schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 187-192. 
    
Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L. Conway, T.L., Elder, J.P., Prochaska, J.J., Brown, M., Marshall, S.J., Alcaraz, J.E., Rosengard, R., Strelow, J., & Powers, H. Promoting and measuring youth physical activity throughout the school day: Project M-SPAN. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis, 7 (supplement), 44-53. (proceedings, published in Estonia) 
    
Zive, M.M., Elder, J.P., Prochaska, J.J., Conway, T.L., Pelletier, R.L., Marshall, S., and Sallis, J.F. (2002). Sources of dietary fat in middle schools. Preventive Medicine, 35, 376-382.* 
    
Marshall, S.J., Biddle, S.J.H., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., and Conway, T.L. (2002). Clustering of sedentary behaviors and physical activity among youth: A cross-national study. Pediatric Exercise Science, 14, 401-417. 
    
Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Conway, T.L., Elder, J.P., Prochaska, J.J., Brown, M., Zive, M.M., Marshall, S.J., and Alcaraz, J.E. (2003). Environmental interventions for eating and physical activity: A randomized controlled trial in middle schools. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24, 209-217. *
    
McKenzie, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Prochaska, J.J., Conway, T.L., Marshall, S.J., and Rosengard, P. (2004). Evaluation of a two-year school physical education intervention: M-SPAN. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36. 1382-1388. 
    
Moody, J.S., Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., McKenzie, T.L., Brown, M., and Conway, T.L. (2004). Viability for parks and recreation centers as sites for youth physical activity promotion. Health Promotion Practice, 5, 438-443. 
    
McKenzie, T.L., Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., and LaMaster, K.J. (2004). Coeducational and single-sex physical education in middle schools: Impact on physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 75, 446-449.

NEMS: Nutrition Environment Measurement Survey and BEAT Institute: Built Environment Assessment Training Institute

Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., and Frank, L.D.  (2007).  Nutrition environment measures study in restaurants (NEMS-R).  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, 273-281. 
    
Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., and Frank, L.D.  (2007).  Nutrition environment measures study in stores (NEMS-S).  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, 282-289. 
    
Winston, C. P., Sallis, J. F., Swartz, M., Hoelscher, D. M., and Peskin, M. F. (2013). Consumer nutrition environments of hospitals: An exploratory analysis using the Healthy Hospital Environment Scan for Cafeterias, Vending Machines and Gift Shops. Preventing Chronic Disease, 10:120335.  Posted online July 8, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd10.120335 PMCID: PMC3702231.  
    
Winston, C. P., Sallis, J. F., Swartz, M., Hoelscher, D. M., & Peskin, M. F. (2013). Reliability of the Healthy Hospital Environment Scan for Cafeterias, Vending Machines and Gift Shops. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(8),1069-1075. *
    
Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2015). Advances in physical activity and nutrition environment assessment tools and applications: Recommendations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), 615-619.

NIK: Neighborhood Impact on Kids Study

Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Chapman, J., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Glanz, K., Couch, S.C., Learnihan, V., Zhou, C., Colburn, T., and Cain, K. (2012). Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: Geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), e47-e55. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.006. Epub on April 10, 2012. * 
    
Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Couch, S.C., Zhou, C., Colburn, T., Cain, K.L., Chapman, J., and Glanz, K. (2012).  Obesogenic neighborhood environments, child and parent obesity: The Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(5), e57-e64. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.008. Epub on April 10, 2012.*  
    
Tandon, P.S., Zhou, C., Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and Saelens, B.E.  (2012).  Home environment relationships with children's physical activity, sedentary time, and screen time by socioeconomic status. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9:88. PMCID:  PMC3413573.  
    
Tappe, K.A., Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Zhou, C., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Children's physical activity and parents' perception of the neighborhood environment: Neighborhood Impact on Kids study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:39. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-39 PMCID:  PMC3615958.  
    
Kneeshaw-Price, S.H., Saelens, B., Sallis, J., Glanz, K., Frank, L., Kerr, J., Hannon, P., Grembowski, D., Chan, K.C.G., Cain, K. (2013).  Children's objective physical activity by location: Why the neighborhood matters. Pediatric Exercise Science, 25, 468-486. 
    
Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., McKenzie, T.L., Kerr, J., Arredondo, E.M., Madanat, H., Mignano, A.M., Cain, K.L., Elder, J.P., & Saelens, B.E. (2013). Elementary school practices and children's objectively measured physical activity during school. Preventive Medicine, 57(5), 591-595. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.08.003. 
    
Carlson, J.A., Mignano, A.M., Norman, G.J., McKenzie, T.L., Kerr, J., Arredondo, E.M., Madanat, H., Cain, K.L., Elder, J.P., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Socioeconomic disparities in elementary school practices and children's physical activity during school. American Journal of Health Promotion, 28(3 suppl.), S47-S53. DOI: 10.4278/ajhp.130430-QUAN-206. 
    
Cain, K.L., Millstein, R.A., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Geremia, C.M., Chapman, J., Adams, M.A., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2014). Contribution of streetscape audits to explanation of physical activity in four age groups based on the microscale audit of pedestrian streetscapes (MAPS). Social Science and Medicine, 116, 82-92. Available online 24 June 2014, ISSN 0277-9536. 
    
Tandon, P., Grow, H.M., Couch, S., Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., and Saelens, B.E. (2014). Physical and social home environment in relation to children's overall and home-based physical activity and sedentary time. Preventive Medicine, 66, 39-44. 
    
Couch, S.D., Glanz, K., Zhou, C., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2014). Home food environment in relation to children's diet quality and weight status. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 114(10), 1569-1579. 
    
Kneeshaw-Price, S.H., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Grembowski, D.E., Hannon, P.A., Smith, N.L., and Chan, K.C.G. (2015). Neighborhood crime-related safety and its relation to children's physical activity. Journal of Urban Health, 92(3), 472-489.  Posted online March 27, 2015.  
    
Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Gavand, K., Millstein, R.A., Geremia, C.M., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., and King, A.C. (2015). Is your neighborhood designed to support physical activity? A brief streetscape audit tool. Preventing Chronic Disease, 12:150098. Posted online September 3, 2015.  
    
Kurka, J.M., Adams, M.A., Todd, M., Colburn, T., Sallis, J.F., Cain, K.L., Glanz, K., Frank, L.D., & Saelens, B.E.. (2016). Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes in relation to children's physical activity. Health & Place, 34(6), 164-170. Best School Practices for Supporting Children’s Physical Activity: A Research Report. 
   
Thornton, C.M., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Gavand, K.A., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Geremia, C.M., Glanz, K., King, A.C., and Sallis, J.F. (2016). Disparities in pedestrian streetscape environments by income and race/ethnicity. SSM-Population Health, 2, 206-216.  Open access  Published online May 2016. Link to research brief*        
    
Robson, S.M., Couch, S.C., Peugh, J.L., Glanz, K., Zhou, C., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2016). Parent diet quality and energy intake are related to child diet quality and energy intake. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(6), 984-990. 
    
Perry, C.K., Ackert, E., Sallis, J.F., Glanz, K., and Saelens, B.E. (2016). Places where children are active: A longitudinal examination of children's physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 93, 88-95.
 
 
Saelens, B.E., Glanz, K., Frank, L.D., Couch, S.C., Zhou, C., Colburn, T., and Sallis, J.F. (2018). Two-year changes in child weight status, diet, and activity by neighborhood nutrition and physical activity environment. Obesity, 26, 1338-1346. DOI:10.1002/oby.22247*
Robson, S., Vadiveloo, M., Green, S., Couch, S.C., Sallis, J.F., Glanz, K., and Saelens, B.E. (2020). Examining the consumer restaurant environment and dietary intake in children. Preventive Medicine Reports, 20: 101274.

NQLS: Neighborhood Quality of Life Study

Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Frank, L.D. (2003). Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: Findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 80-91. 
    
Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Black, J.B., and Chen, D. (2003). Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: An environment scale evaluation. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1552-1558. 
    
De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Sallis, J.F., and Saelens, B.E. (2003). Environmental correlates of physical activity in a sample of Belgian adults. American Journal of Health Promotion, 18, 83-92. 
    
Humpel, N., Owen, N., Leslie, E., Marshall, A.L., Bauman, A.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Associations of location and perceived environmental attributes with walking in neighborhoods. American Journal of Health Promotion, 18, 239-242. 
    
Brownson, R.C., Chang, J.J., Eyler, A.A., Ainsworth, B.E., Kirtland, K., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Measuring the environment for friendliness toward physical activity: A comparison of the reliability of 3 questionnaires. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 473-483. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Kraft, M.K. (2004). Active transportation and physical activity: Opportunities for collaboration on transportation and public health research. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 38, 249-268. 
    
Owen, N., Humpel, N., Leslie, E., Bauman, A., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Understanding environmental influences on walking: Review and research agenda. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, 67-76. 
    
Atkinson, J.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K.L., and Black, J.B. (2005). The association of neighborhood design and recreational environments with physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion, 19, 304-309. 
    
Glanz, K., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., and Frank, L.D. (2005). Healthy nutrition environments: Concepts and measures. American Journal of Health Promotion, 19, 330-333. 
    
Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Chapman, J.E., Saelens, B.E., and Bachman, W. (2006). Many pathways from land use to health: Associations between neighborhood walkability and active transportation, body mass index, and air quality. Journal of the American Planning Association, 72, 75-87. 
    
Kerr, J., Rosenberg, D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Conway , T.L. (2006). Active commuting to school: Associations with built environment and parental concerns. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 787-794. 
    
Cerin, E., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Frank, L.D. (2006). Neighborhood environment walkability scale: Validity and development of a short form. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 1682-1691. 
    
Owen, N., Cerin, E., Leslie, E., duToit, L., Coffee, N., Frank, L.D., Bauman, A.E., Hugo, G., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2007). Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33, 387-395. 
    
Abercrombie, L.C, Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Chapman, J.E. (2008). Income and racial disparities in access to public parks and private recreation facilities. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34, 9-15. 
List of recreational facility categories searched is available here 
     
Sallis, J.F., and Kerr, J. (2006). Built environment and physical activity. PCPFS Research Digest, Series 7, No.4, 1-8. Reprinted in Guerrero, L.K., and Hecht, M.L. (Eds.), The nonverbal communication reader, 3rd ed. Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2008, 270-286. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Story, M., and Orleans, T.O. (2007). A research perspective on findings from Bridging the Gap. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(4S), S169-S171. (invited commentary) 
    
Sallis, J.F. (2008). Angels in the details: Comment on “The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviours.” Preventive Medicine, 48.  
    
Coleman, K.J., Rosenberg, D.E., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Cain, K.  (2008). Physical activity, weight status, and neighborhood characteristics of dog walkers.  Preventive Medicine, 47, 309-312. 
    
Frank, L., Kerr, J., Saelens, B., Sallis, J., Glanz, K., and Chapman, J.  (2009).  Food outlet visits, physical activity, and body weight: Variations by gender and race-ethnicity.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 124-131.  doi:10.1136/bjsm.2008.055533    
    
Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Conway, T.L., Slymen, D.J., Cain, K.L., Chapman, J.E., and Kerr, J.  (2009). Neighborhood built environment and income: Examining multiple health outcomes.  Social Science and Medicine, 68, 1285-1293.  doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.01.017 
    
Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. Cross-validation of the factorial structure of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A). (2009). International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6:32.  
    
Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Leary, L., Cain, K., Conway, T.L., and Hess, P.M.  (2010). The development of a walkability index: Application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 124-131.  
    
Rovniak, L.S., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Marshall, S.J., Norman, G.J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., and Hovell, M.F. (2010). Adults' physical activity patterns across life domains: Cluster analysis with replication. Health Psychology, 29, 496-506. 
    
Lachapelle, U., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., and Conway, T.L. (2011).  Commuting by public transit and physical activity: Where you live, where you work, and how you get there.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health 8, (suppl 1), S72-S82.  
 
Crespo, N.C., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., and Frank, L.D.  (2011). Worksite physical activity policies and environments in relation to employee physical activity.  American Journal of Health Promotion, 25, 264-271. 
    
Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Norman, G.J., and Cain, K.L.  (2011). Neighborhood environment profiles related to physical activity and weight status: A latent profile analysis.  Preventive Medicine, 52, 326-331. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Slymen, D.J., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K., and Chapman, J.  (2011). Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributes.  Health and Place, 17(6), 1274-1283. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.02.006.  
    
Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., Conway, T.L., Chapman, J.E., Slymen, D.J., and Kerr, J. (2012).  Neighborhood environmental and psychosocial correlates of adults' physical activity.  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(4), 637-646. Epub ahead of print September 16, 2011. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318237fe18 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2012).  Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 1375-1384. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F.  (2012).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia, and Belgium. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 70. Posted online June 12, 2012. 
    
Candelaria, J.I., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Slymen, D.J., Cain, K.L., and Chapman, J.E.  (2012).  Differences in physical activity among adults in households with and without children.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9(7), 985-995.  *
    
Ding, D., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., and Slymen, D.J. (2012). Interactive effects of built environment and psychosocial attributes on physical activity: A test of ecological models. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44, 365-374. 
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., and Sallis, J.F. (2013).  Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' leisure-time physical activity: Findings from Belgium, Australia, and the USA.  Health and Place, 19, 59-68. 
    
Kozo, J., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Kerr, J., Cain, K., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., and Owen, N. (2012). Sedentary behaviors of adults in relation to neighborhood walkability and income. Health Psychology, 31(6), 704-713. Online First Publication, April 30, 2012. doi: 10.1037/a0027874 
    
Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Dillon, L.I., Frank, L.D., Adams, M.A., Cain, K.L., and Saelens, B.E. (2013). Environmental and demographic correlates of bicycling. Preventive Medicine, 57, 456-460. Published online June 19, 2013. Open access.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.014.  
    
Bracy, N.L., Millstein, R.A., Carlson, J.A., Conway, T.L., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Kerr, J., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and King, A.C. (2014). Is the relationship between the built environment and physical activity moderated by perceptions of crime and safety? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical  Activity, 11:24. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-24.  
    
Van Dyck, D., Cerin, E., Conway, T.L., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Owen, N., Kerr, J., Cardon, G., and Sallis, J.F. (2014).  Interacting psychosocial and environmental correlates of leisure-time physical activity: A three-country study. Health Psychology, 33(7), 699-709. Online First Publication, November 18, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033516 
    
Kercood, S., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Parent rules, barriers, and places for youth physical activity vary by neighborhood walkability and income. Children, Youth, and Environments, 25(1), 100-118. DOI: 10.7721/chilyoutenvi.25.1.0100.
    
Adams, M.A., Todd, M., Kurka, J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Frank, L.D., and Sallis, J.F. (2015). Patterns of walkability, transit and recreation environments for physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 48(6), 878-887. Published Online: July 29, 2015. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.024. 
    
Lachapelle, U., Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., and Conway, T.L. (2016). Active transportation by transit-dependent and choice riders and potential displacement of other physical activity. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 36(2), 225-238. 
    
Lee, S., Conway, T.L., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2017). The relation of perceived and objective environment attributes to neighborhood satisfaction. Environment and Behavior, 49(2), 136-160. DOI: 10.1177/0013916515623823
Carlson, J.A., Frank, L.D., Ulmer, J., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Cain, K.L., and Sallis, J.F. (2018). Work and home neighborhood design and physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion, 32(8), 1723-1729. DOI: 10.1177/0890117118768767

PACE: Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise (and Nutrition)

Patrick, K., Sallis, J.F., Long, B., Calfas, K.J., Wooten, W., Heath, G., and Pratt, M. (1994). A new tool for encouraging activity: Project PACE. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 22, 45-55. 
    
Long, B.J., Calfas, K.J., Wooten, W.J., Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K.M., Goldstein, M., Marcus, B.H., Schwenk, T.L., Chenoweth, J., Carter, R., Torres, T., Palinkas, L.A., and Heath, G. (1996). A multisite field test of the acceptability of physical activity counseling in primary care: Project PACE. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12, 73-81. 
    
Calfas, K.J., Long, B.J., Sallis, J.F., Wooten, W.J., Pratt, M., Patrick, K. (1996). A controlled trial of physician counseling to promote the adoption of physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 25, 225-233. *
    
Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Oldenburg, B., and French, M. (1997). Mediators of change in physical activity following an intervention in primary care: PACE. Preventive Medicine, 26, 297-304. 
    
Ockene, J.K., McBride, P.E., Sallis, J.F., Bonollo, D.P., and Ockene, I.S. (1997). Synthesis of lessons learned from cardiopulmonary preventive interventions in healthcare practice settings. Annals of Epidemiology, 7 (Supplement), S32-S45. 
    
Prochaska, J.J., Zabinski, M.F., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2000). PACE+: Interactive communication technology for behavior change in clinical settings. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 19, 127-131. 
    
Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K., Frank, E., Pratt, M., Wechsler, H., and Galuska, D.A. (2000). Interventions in health care settings to promote healthful eating and physical activity in children and adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 31, S112-S120. Abstracted in "The Research File" newsletter of the Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. January 2001. 
    
Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., and Long, B. (2001). A physical activity screening measure for use with adolescents in primary care. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 155, 554-559. 
    
Patrick, K., Sallis, J.F., Prochaska, J.J., Lydston, D.D., Calfas, K.J., Zabinski, M.F., Wilfley, D.E., Saelens, B.E., and Brown, D.R. (2001). A multi-component program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 155, 940-946. 
    
Prochaska, J.J., Sallis, J.F., and Rupp, J. (2001). Screening measure for assessing dietary fat intake among adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 33, 699-706. *
    
Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Wilfley, D.E., Patrick, K., Cella, J.A., & Buchta, R.  (2002). Behavioral weight control for overweight adolescents initiated in primary care.  Obesity Research, 10, 22-32. 
    
Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., Zabinski, M.F., Wilfley, D.E., Rupp, J., Prochaska, J.J., Thompson, S., Pratt, M., and Patrick, K.  (2002). Preliminary evaluation of a multi-component program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care:  PACE+ for adults.  Preventive Medicine, 34, 153-161. 
    
Sallis, J.F.  (2002). Active intervention: Doctors promote exercise and get results.  Psychology Today, January/February, 22. 
    
Prochaska, J.J., Rodgers, M.W., and Sallis, J.F. (2002). Association of parent and peer support with adolescent physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 206-210. 
    
Doshi, A., Patrick, K., Sallis, J.F., and Calfas, K. (2003). Evaluation of physical activity web sites for use of behavior change theories. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 25, 105-111. 
    
Gaspar de Matos, M., Sardinha, L., and Sallis, J. (2003). Projecto PACE: Aconselhamento do diabetico para a actividade fisica. Diabetes: Viver em Equilibiro, 27 (Abril/Junho), 19-20. 
    
Prochaska, J.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). Reliability and validity of a fruit and vegetable screening measure for adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 163-165. *
    
Prochaska, J.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2004). A randomized controlled trial of single versus multiple health behavior change: Promoting physical activity and nutrition among adolescents. Health Psychology, 23, 314-318. 
    
Norman, G.J., Vaughn, A.A., Roesch, S.C., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K. (2004). Development of decisional balance and self-efficacy measures for adolescent sedentary habits. Psychology and Health, 19, 561-575. 
    
Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., and Gaskins, R. (2005). Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial constructs for adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, 315-323. 
    
Norman, G., Schmid, B., Sallis, J., Calfas, K., and Patrick, K. (2005). Psychosocial and environmental correlates of adolescent sedentary behavior. Pediatrics, 116, 908-916. 
    
Hagler, A., Norman, G.J., Radick, L.R., Calfas, K.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2005). Comparability and reliability of paper- and computer-based measures of psychosocial contructs for adolescent fruit and vegetable and dietary fat intake. Journal of the American Dietetics Association, 105, 1758-1764. *
    
Norman, G.J., Nutter, S.K., Ryan, S., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K. (2006). Community design and access to recreational facilities as correlates of adolescent physical activity and body mass index. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 3 (Suppl. 2), S118-S128. 
    
Patrick, K., Calfas, K.J., Norman, G.J., Zabinski, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Rupp, J., Covin, J., and Cella, J. (2006). Randomized controlled trial of a primary care and home-based intervention for physical activity and nutrition behaviors: PACE+ for adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160, 128-136. 
    
Zabinski, M.F., Daly, T., Norman, G.J., Rupp, J.W., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2006). Psychosocial correlates of fruit, vegetable, and dietary fat intake among adolescent boys and girls. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106, 814-821. *
    
Hagler, A.S., Calfas, K.J., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2006). Construct validity of physical activity and sedentary behaviors staging measures for adolescents. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 186-193. 
    
Zabinski, M. F., Norman, G. J., Sallis, J. F., Calfas, K. J., and Patrick, K. (2007). Cluster analysis of sedentary behavior patterns among adolescents. Health Psychology, 26, 113-120. 
    
Sanchez, A., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Cella, J., and Patrick, K. (2007). Patterns and correlates of multiple risk physical activity and nutrition behaviors in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, 124-130. 
    
Norman, G., J., Adams, M.A, Calfas, K.J., Covin, J., Sallis, J.F., Rossi, J.S., Redding, C.A., Cella, J., and Patrick, K. (2007). A randomized trial of a multi-component intervention for adolescent sun protection behaviors. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161, 146-152. 
    
Rosenberg, D.E., Norman, G.J., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2007). Covariation of adolescent physical activity and nutrition behaviors over 12-months. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 472-478. 
    
Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2008). Exercise aids, neighborhood safety, and physical activity in adolescents and parents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 40, 1244-1248. 
    
Robinson, A.H., Norman, G.J., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K.J., Rock, C.L., and Patrick, K. (2008). Validating stage of change measures for physical activity and dietary behaviors for overweight women. International Journal of Obesity, 32, 1137-1144. 
    
Huang, J., Sallis, J., and Patrick, K. (2009). The role of primary care in promoting children's physical activity. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 19-21. 
    
Adams, M.A., Norman, G.J., Hovell, M.F., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K. (2009). Reconceptualizing decisional balance in an adolescent sun protection intervention: Mediating effects and theoretical interpretations. Health Psychology, 28, 217-255. doi: 10.1037/a0012989 
    
Adams, M.A., Ryan, S., Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K., Frank, L.D., and Norman, G.J.  (2009). Validation of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Survey (NEWS) items using Geographic Information Systems.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 6(Supplement 1), S113-S123. 
    
Roesch, S.C., Norman, G.J., Adams, M.A., Kerr, J., Sallis, J.F., Ryan, S., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K.  (2009). Latent growth curve modeling of adolescent physical activity: Testing parallel process and mediation models.  Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 313-325.  
    
Norman, G.J., Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Wagner, N., Calfas, K.J., and Patrick, K.  (2010). Reliability and validity of brief psychosocial measures related to dietary behaviors.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 56.  doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-56 
    
Roesch, S.C., Norman, G.J., Villodas, F., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K.  (2010). Intervention-mediated effects for adult physical activity: A latent growth curve analysis.  Social Science and Medicine, 71, 494-501. 
    
Rosenberg, D.E., Norman, G.J., Wagner, N., Patrick, K., Calfas, K.J., and Sallis, J.F.  (2010). Reliability and validity of the sedentary behavior questionnaire (SBQ) for adults.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 697-705. 
    
Kerr, J., Norman, G.J., Adams, M.A., Ryan, S., Frank, L., Sallis, J.F., Calfas, K., and Patrick, K. (2010). Do neighbourhood environments moderate the effect of physical activity lifestyle interventions in adults?  Health and Place, 16, 903-908. 
    
Huang, J.S., Gottschalk, M., Norman, G.J., Calfas, K.J., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K.  (2011). Compliance with behavioral guidelines for diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors is related to insulin resistance among overweight and obese youth.  BMC Research Notes, 4, 29.   
    
Patrick, K., Calfas, K.J., Norman, G.J., Rosenberg, D., Zabinksi, M.F., Sallis, J.F., Rock, C.L., and Dillon, L.W. (2011). Outcomes of a 12-month web-based intervention for overweight and obese men. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 42(3), 391-401. 
    
Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Ramirez, E.R., Patrick, K., and Norman, G.J. (2012).  Physical activity and dietary behavior change in internet-based weight loss interventions: Comparing two multiple-behavior change indices. Preventive Medicine, 54(1), 50-54. Published online December 2011. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.10.018 
    
Carlson, J.A., Sallis, J.F., Wagner, N., Calfas, K.J., Groesz, L.M., and Norman, G.J.  (2012).  Brief physical activity-related psychosocial measures: Reliability and construct validity.  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9, 1178-1186. 
    
Roesch, S.C., Norman, G.N., Merz, E., Sallis, J.F., and Patrick, K.  (2013).  Longitudinal measurement invariance of psychosocial measures in physical activity research: An application to adolescent data.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 721-729. PMCID: PMC3668442. 
    
Norman, G.J., Carlson, J.A., Omara, S., Sallis, J.F., Patrick, K., Frank, L.D., and  Godbole, S. (2013). Neighborhood preference, walkability and walking in overweight/obese men. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(2), 277-282. 
    
Patrick, K., Norman, G.J., Davila, E.P., Calfas, K.J., Raab, F., Gottschalk, M., Sallis, J.F., Godbole, S., and Covin, J. (2013).  Outcomes of a 12-month technology-based intervention to promote weight loss in adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes.  Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 17(3), 759-770.  
    
Patrick, K., Norman, G.J., Davila, E.P., Rosenberg, D.E., Calfas, K.J., Covin , J.R., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). Two-year outcomes of a primary-care and home-based intervention for physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet in adolescents. Infant, Child, & Adolescent Nutrition, 6, 44-51.
 
Liu, J., Godino, J.G., Norman, G.J., Hill, L., Calfas, K., Sallis, J.F., Arredondo, E., Rock, C.L., Criqui, M., Zhu, S-H., Griffiths, K., Covin, J., Dillon, L., and Patrick, K. (2018). Planned care for obesity and cardiovascular risk reduction using a stepped-down approach: A randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine, 114, 223-231.

PARC: Physical Activity Research Center

Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C., Bonilla, E., and Spoon, C. (2019). Racial/ethnic variations in school-year versus summer differences in adolescent physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 129(12), 105795. DOI
   
Botchwey, N., Floyd, M.F., Pollack-Porter, K., Cutter, C., Spoon, C.S., Schmid, T., Conway, T.L., Hipp, J.A., Kim, A., Umstattd Meyer, R., Walker, A.L., Kauh, T.J., and Sallis, J.F. (2018). Policy and practice-relevant youth physical activity research agenda. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 15, 626-634.

Umstattd Meyer, R., Hipp, A., Botchwey, N., Floyd, M.F., Kim, A.J., Pollack Porter K.M., and Sallis, J.F. (2019). How to improve physical activity and health for all children and families Stanford Social Innovation Review, Summer 2019, 12- 14. In Grantmakers in Health supplement on Healthy Eating, Active Living: Reflections, Contributions.  Open access to supplement

Sallis, J.F. Botchwey, N., Floyd, M., Pollack Porter, K., Umstattd Meyer, R., Hipp, J.A., Kim, A., and Conway, T.L. (2019). Building evidence to reduce inequities in youth physical activity and obesity: Introduction to the Physical Activity Research Center (PARC) Special Section. Preventive Medicine, 129, 105767. (Guest Editorial) DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105767 

Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C., Bonilla, E., and Spoon, C. (2019). Racial/ethnic variations in school-year versus summer differences in adolescent physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 129(12), 105795. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105795 
PARC UCSD Recommendations 

Are adolescents less physically active in the summer? What are differences by race, ethnicity, and sex?
 
Botchwey, N., Conway, T.L., Floyd, M., Hipp, A., Kim, A., Porter, K.M., Meyer, M.R., Burnett, J., and Sallis, J.F. (2020). Challenges recruiting diverse youth for physical activity research. Preventive Medicine, 131:105888.  DOI

Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., Geremia, C., Bonilla, E., and Spoon, C. (2020). Electronic devices as correlates of sedentary behavior and screen time among diverse low-income adolescents during the school year and summer time. Journal of Healthy Eating and Active Living, 1(1), 17-30. Open access Link to theme issue Research brief

Project WALK

Lee, R.E., McGinnis, K.A., Sallis, J.F., Castro,   C.M., Chen, A.H., and Hickmann, S.A. (1997). Active vs. passive methods; recruiting ethnic minority women to a health promotion program. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 19, 378-384. 
    
Chen, A.H., Sallis, J.F., Castro, C.M., Lee, R.E., Hickmann, S.A., Williams, C., and Martin, J.E. (1998). A home-based behavioral intervention to promote walking in sedentary ethnic minority women: Project WALK. Women’s Health: Research on Gender, Behavior, and Policy, 4, 19-39. 
    
Castro, C.M., Sallis, J.F., Hickmann, S.A., Lee, R.E., and Chen, A.H. (1999). A prospective study of psychosocial correlates of physical activity for ethnic minority women. Psychology and Health, 14, 277-293. 
    
Hickmann, S.A., Lee, R.E., Sallis, J.F., Castro, C.M., and Chen, A.H. (1999). The association of physical activity change with self-esteem in ethnic minority women: A prospective analysis. Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health, 4, 281-292. 
    
Lee, R.E., Goldberg, J.H., Sallis, J.F., Hickmann, S.A., Castro, C.M., and Chen, A.H. (2001). A prospective analysis of the relationship between walking and mood in sedentary ethnic minority women. Women & Health, 32(4), 1-15.