top of page

The International Physical Activity Prevalence Study (IPS) developed an optional environmental module that can be used to assess the environmental factors for walking and bicycling in your neighborhoods. PANES is a short-form environment measure that uses single items instead of multi-item scales. Revised in 2002, it is for use in the IPS Study in addition to the IPAQ (short form).

Main Citations:

Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Durant, N., and Ainsworth, B.E.  (2010).  Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical activity neighborhood environment scale (PANES).  Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 533-540.

Bergman, P., Grjibovski, A.M., Hagstromer, M., Sallis, J.F., and Sjöström, M.  (2009).  The association between health enhancing physical activity and neighbourhood environment among Swedish adults: A population-based cross-sectional study.  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6:8.  PMCID:  PMC2647520. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-8. Link 


Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F.C., Craig, C.L., Sjöström, M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Lefevre, J., Matsudo, V., Matsudo, S., Macfarlane, D.J., Gomez, L.F., Inoue, S., Murase, N., Volbekiene, V., McLean, G., Carr, H., Heggebo, L.K., Tomten, H., and Bergman, P.  (2009).  Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries.  American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 484-490. Link

Oyeyemi, A.L., Sallis, J.F., Oyeyemi, A.Y., DeBourdeadhuij, I., Amin, M.M., and Deforche, B. (2013).  Adaptation, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale in Nigeria (PANES-N). Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 1079-1090.

Adams, M.A., Frank, L.D., Schipperijn, J., Smith, G., Chapman, J., Christiansen, L.B., Coffee, N., Salvo, D., du Toit, L., Jan Dygrýn, J., Hino, A.A.F., Lai, P-C., Mavoa, S., Pinzón, J.D., Van de Weghe, N., Cerin, E., Davey, R., Macfarlane, D., Owen, N., and Sallis, J.F. (2014). International variation in neighborhood walkability, transit, and recreation environments using Geographic Information Systems: The IPEN Adult Study. International Journal of Health Geographics, 13:43. doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-13-43. Link


Ding, D., Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Norman, G.J., Hovell, M.F., Chambers, C.D., Hofstetter, C.R., Bowles, H.R., Hagstromer, M., Craig, C.L., Gomez, L.F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Macfarlane, D.J., Ainsworth, B.E., Bergman, P., Bull, F.C., Carr, H., Klasson-Heggebo, L., Inoue, S., Murase, N., Matsudo, S., Matsudo, V., McLean, G., Sjostrom, M., Tomten, H., Lefevre, J., Volbekiene, V., and Bauman, A.E. (2013). Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?  International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10:57. Posted online May 14, 2013. Link

The 17-item Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale can be used to assess the environmental factors for walking and bicycling in various neighborhoods. It is comprehensive but brief enough for use in multipurpose surveys.

This document describes scoring approaches for the PANES.

Translation by laboratory of Shigeru Inoue MD, PhD, Tokyo Medical University

Direct questions to

Translation by Centro Regionale di Documentazione per la Promozione della Salute.

Direct questions to

Click link above to download

bottom of page